Depression refers to intense sadness. It is a widespread mental illness, indeed one of the most widespread. As for mild sadness or feeling “blue”, this is a normal and natural emotion which hardly anyone can escape, not even a believer. Allaah Says:
“Secredt counsels (conspiracies) are only from Shaytan (Satan), in order that he may cause grief to the believers.” (Al-Mujaadilah 58:10)
If that sadness increases and takes over a person, it becomes depression:
Signs of depression:
- Feeling distressed and sad.
- Loss of appetite.
Lack of focus, forgetfulness.
Sleep disturbances, weight loss.
Lack of sexual desire.
Cause of depression:
1. External causes
These are factors that are outside a person, such as life events like losing a loved one, or losing money or social standing. If this person does not have the protection of faith, he will go through several stages until he reaches the stage of depression.
2. Internal depression
These have to do with person’s physical make-up, such as brain cells, a lack of thyroid hormones or a lack of certain vitamins.
As depression is a mental illness, the treatment for it is by means of the Noble Qur’aan, especially in cases where the causes are external. The patient should be reminded to remember of Allaah and to believe in the divine will and decree (Al-Qada’ Wa’l-Qadar) and the reward for those who are patient. Examples should be given from the lives of the Sahaabah and so on. He should also be reminded to recite a great deal of the Dhikrs and Du’aa’s that have been narrated from the Prophets (peace be upon him) for treating worry, grief and distress etc….